Can Lizards Eat Tomatoes

Lizards are fascinating creatures with diverse dietary needs. As a lizard owner, you may wonder whether it’s safe to include tomatoes in your pet’s diet. In this article, we will explore the topic of lizards and tomatoes, discussing their safety, nutritional value, potential benefits, risks, and considerations. So, can lizards eat tomatoes? Let’s find out!

 Are Tomatoes Safe for Lizards?

To determine if tomatoes are safe for lizards, it’s essential to understand their digestive system and potential toxicity.

Lizard Digestive System

Lizards have a complex digestive system adapted to process animal-based foods. Their digestive tracts are optimized for breaking down proteins and extracting nutrients from insects and small prey. While lizards can consume plant matter, it should only make up a small portion of their diet.

Tomato Toxicity

Tomatoes belong to the nightshade family of plants, which contains certain compounds that can be toxic to some animals. The primary concern is a substance called solanine, which is found in the green parts of the tomato plant, such as the stems and leaves. However, ripe tomatoes have significantly lower levels of solanine and are generally considered safe for lizards when fed in moderation.

 Nutritional Value of Tomatoes

Tomatoes are rich in essential nutrients that can benefit lizards when consumed appropriately. They are an excellent source of vitamins A, C, and K, as well as potassium and dietary fiber. However, it’s important to note that tomatoes should not replace the lizard’s primary diet of insects or animal protein.

Potential Benefits of Feeding Tomatoes to Lizards

When offered in moderation, tomatoes can provide some potential benefits for lizards.

Vitamins and Minerals

The vitamins and minerals present in tomatoes can supplement a lizard’s diet, contributing to overall health and well-being. Vitamin A, for example, promotes good vision and supports the immune system.


Tomatoes contain antioxidants, such as lycopene, which can help protect the lizard’s cells from damage caused by free radicals. These antioxidants may have a positive impact on the lizard’s overall health and longevity.

Risks and Considerations

While tomatoes can offer nutritional benefits, there are certain risks and considerations to keep in mind before including them in your lizard’s diet.

Allergies and Sensitivities

Just like humans, lizards can have individual allergies or sensitivities to certain foods. It’s essential to observe your lizard’s reaction when introducing tomatoes for the first time. If you notice any adverse effects, such as digestive issues or skin irritation, it’s best to avoid feeding tomatoes in the future.

Pesticides and Chemicals

Commercially grown tomatoes may contain pesticides or other chemicals that could be harmful to lizards. If you decide to feed tomatoes to your lizard, it’s crucial to choose organic or pesticide-free options to minimize potential risks.

 How to Offer Tomatoes to Lizards

If you decide to incorporate tomatoes into your lizard’s diet, it’s important to do so properly.

Preparation and Serving Methods

Before offering tomatoes to your lizard, ensure they are ripe and free from any signs of mold or damage. Wash the tomatoes thoroughly to remove any potential residues. You can slice the tomato into small, manageable pieces or create a puree to mix with other food items. Remember to remove any green parts or leaves as they can contain higher levels of solanine.

Alternative Food Options for Lizards

If you’re uncertain about feeding tomatoes to your lizard or your pet shows signs of sensitivity, there are alternative food options available. Lizards thrive on a varied diet that includes live insects, such as crickets, mealworms, and small feeder animals. These options provide the necessary nutrients for lizards to maintain optimal health.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q: Can all lizard species eat tomatoes?

A: While most lizards can safely consume tomatoes, it’s important to research the specific dietary requirements of your lizard species.

Q: Are there any other fruits or vegetables that lizards can eat?

A: Yes, some lizards can benefit from a small amount of fruits or vegetables, such as leafy greens, berries, or squash. However, always research the suitability of specific foods for your lizard species.

Q: Can tomatoes be the main food source for lizards?

A: No, tomatoes should never replace the primary diet of insects or animal protein for lizards. They should be offered as a supplement or occasional treat.

Q: How often can I feed tomatoes to my lizard?

A: It’s recommended to offer tomatoes to your lizard once or twice a month, depending on their individual needs and tolerances.

Q: Can I feed my lizard tomato leaves or stems?

A: No, tomato leaves and stems contain higher levels of solanine and should be avoided, as they can be toxic to lizards.


In conclusion, lizards can eat tomatoes as part of a balanced diet, as long as certain considerations are taken into account. While tomatoes offer nutritional value and potential benefits, it’s crucial to feed them in moderation, ensure they are ripe and free from harmful substances, and observe your lizard for any adverse reactions. Always prioritize the lizard’s primary diet of insects and animal protein to meet their specific nutritional needs.

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